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Demos: 8A-01 Photoelectric Effect

A beam from a carbon-arc (or other suitable) lamp is passed through a quartz lens and focused on the zinc plate. The electroscope is charged negatively while the glass plate is inserted into the beam path. When the glass plate is removed, the electroscope discharges because of the ultraviolet light on the zinc plate producing photoelectrons. If the electroscope is charged positively initially, it is less likely to show discharge.

Directions: Be sure the zinc plate is freshly polished (sanded) for best results. Charge the electroscope negatively by the standard procedures (fur on rubber rod, e.g.). Place the glass plate into the holder and turn on the carbon arc lamp (or a suitable substitute producing an ultraviolet component of the light). Then remove the glass plate and wait for the electroscope to discharge.

Suggestions for Presentation: Point out that glass effectively blocks the shorter wavelength UV light (which is why you don’t get sunburned by the sun’s rays passing through a window pane). Quartz does not, which is the reason for the quartz lens. Then discuss the threshold frequency concept in the photoelectric effect, i.e. photons of a minimum energy (minimum frequency) are required to dislodge the electrons from the metal. Since the glass blocks the higher energy photons, no photoelectrons are produced at the zinc plate.

Applications:

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Last Updated: May 9, 2016 11:44 AM

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