Rock Physics Research Group

Literature Related to Micro-Model Lectures

These were given on July 20, 2009 by Prof. Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte  at the Summer School on Role of Interfacial Area in Two-Phase Flow and Transport in Porous Media: Theory, Experiment, Modeling" in Utrecht, Netherlands 19-24 July 2009.

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Lecture 1: Fabrication & Image Analysis
Lecture 2: Research Results


Glass Beads & Glass Shards

Chatenever, A. and J. C. Calhoun, Jr., Visual examinations of fluid behavior in porous media - Part 1, Petroleum Transaction, AIME, vol 195, T.P. 3310, 149-156, 1952

Fourar, M., Bories, S., Lenormand, R. & P. Persoff, Two-Phase Flow in Smooth and Rough Fractures' Measurement and Correlation by Porous-Medium and Pipe Flow Models, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 29, NO. 11, PAGES 3699-3708, NOVEMBER 1993

Montemagno, C. D. and W. G. Gray, Photoluminescent volumetric imaging: A technique for the exploration of multiphase flow and transport in porous media, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 22, blO. 4, PAGES 425-428, FEBRUARY 15, 1995


Etched Glass, Etched Silicon Wafer,  Rough Glass, Milled Glass

Mattax, C. C. and J. R. Kyte, Ever see a water flood?, The Oil and Gas Journal, 59, 115-128, October 16, 1961

Wan, J. and J. L. Wilson, Visualization of the role of the gas-water interface on the fate and transport of colloids in porous media, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 30, NO. 1, PAGES 11-23, JANUARY 1994

JIAMIN WAN, JOHN L. WILSON, AND THOMAS L. KIEFT, Influence of the Gas-Water Interface on Transport of Microorganisms through Unsaturated Porous Media, APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Feb. 1994, p. 509-516

Nicholl, M. J., Glass, R. J. and  S. W. Wheatcraft, Gravity-driven infiltration instability in initially dry nonhorizontal fractures, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 30, NO. 9, PAGES 2533-2546, SEPTEMBER 1994

ARTURO A. KELLER, MARTIN J. BLUNT and PAUL V. ROBERTS,  Micromodel Observation of the Role of Oil Layers in Three-Phase Flow, Transport in Porous Media 26: 277–297, 1997.

Hfikon Amundsen, Geri Wagner, Unni Oxaal, Paul Meakin, Jens Feder, and Torstein Jossang, Slow two-phase flow in artificial fractures: Experiments and simulations, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 35, NO. 9, PAGES 2619-2626, SEPTEMBER, 1999

Detwiler, R. L,  Pringle, S. E. and R. L. Glass, Measurement of fracture aperture fields using transmitted light: An evaluation of measurement errors and their influence on simulations of flow and transport through a single fracture,WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 35, NO. 9, PAGES 2605-2617, SEPTEMBER, 1999

Stewart, T. L. and H. S. Fogler, Biomass Plug Development and Propagation in Porous Media, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING, VOL. 72, NO. 3, FEBRUARY 5, 2001

Stewart, T. L. and H. S. Fogler,  Pore-scale investigation of biomass plug development and propagation in porous media,  BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING, VOL. 77, NO. 5,March 5, 2002

Sanya Sirivithayapakorn and Arturo Keller, Transport of colloids in unsaturated porous media: A pore-scale observation of processes during the dissolution of air-water interface, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 39, NO. 12, 1346, doi:10.1029/2003WR002487, 2003

Thomas Baumann and Charles J. Werth, Visualization and Modeling of Polystyrol Colloid Transport in a Silicon Micromodel, Vadose Zone Journal 3:434–443 (2004).

Robert J. Harris, Andrew J. Sederman, Michael D. Mantle, John Crawshaw, Michael L. Johnsa, A comparison of experimental and simulated propagators in porous media using confocal laser scanning microscopy, lattice Boltzmann hydrodynamic simulations and nuclear magnetic resonance, Magnetic Resonance Imaging 23 (2005) 355–357



Bonnet, J. and R. Leonormand,  Realisation de micromodeles pour l'etude des ecoulements polyphasiques en milieu poreux, Revue de l'Instititut francais du petrole, 32(3) 477-480, 1977.

R. LENORMAND, C. ZARCONE AND A. SARR, Mechanisms of the displacement of one fluid by another in a network of capillary ducts, J . Fluid Mech. (1983), vol. 135, p p . 337-353

R. Lenormand and C. Zarcone, Invasion Percolation in an Etched Network: Measurement of a Fractal Dimension, Physical Review Letters, 54(20), 2226-2231, 1985



Younan Xia and George M. Whitesides, Soft Lithography, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 1998. 28:153–84

Folch, A., Ayon, A., Hurtado, O., Schimdt, M. A. and M. Toner, Molding of Deep Polydimethylsiloxane Microstructures for Microfluidics and Biological Applications, Transactions of the ASME, 121, 28-34, February 1999

J. COOPER MCDONALD AND GEORGE M. WHITESIDES*, Poly(dimethylsiloxane) as a Material for Fabricating Microfluidic Devices, VOL. 35, NO. 7, 2002 / ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH, 491-499.

Maria Auset and Arturo A. Keller, Pore-scale processes that control dispersion of colloids in saturated porous media, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 40, W03503, doi:10.1029/2003WR002800, 2004

Maria Auset and Arturo A. Keller, Pore-scale visualization of colloid straining and filtration in saturated porous media using micromodels, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 42, W12S02, doi:10.1029/2005WR004639, 2006

Marc A. Unger, Hou-Pu Chou, Todd Thorsen, Axel Scherer, and Stephen R. Quake, Monolithic Microfabricated
Valves and Pumps by Multilayer Soft Lithography
, SCIENCE VOL 288 7 APRIL 2000, 113-117



J.-T. Cheng, J.P. Morris, J. Tran, A. Lumsdaine, N.J. Giordano, D.D. Nolte, L.J. Pyrak-Nolte, Single-phase flow in a rock fracture: micro-model experiments and network flow simulation, International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Sciences 41 (2004) 687–693

J.-T. Cheng, Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte, David D. Nolte, and Nicholas J. Giordano, Linking pressure and saturation through interfacial areas in porous media, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 31, L08502, doi:10.1029/2003GL019282, 2004

Daiquan Chen, Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte, Jessica Griffin, and Nicholas J. Giordano, Measurement of interfacial area per volume for drainage and imbibition, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 43, W12504, doi:10.1029/2007WR006021, 2007

Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte, David D. Nolte, Daiquan Chen, and Nicholas J. Giordano, Relating capillary pressure to interfacial areas, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 44, W06408, doi:10.1029/2007WR006434, 2008



Pyrak-Nolte, L. J., Helgeson, D. and G. M. Haley, Immiscible fluid flow in a fracture, Rock Mechanics, Proceedings of the 33rd U.S. Symposium, eds. Tillerson & Wawersik, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 3-5 June, 1992, 571-578, 1992.

Brown, S. R., Caprihan, A. and R. Hardy, Experimental observation of fluid flow channels in a single fracture, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. B3, PAGES 5125-5132, MARCH 10, 1998


Review Papers

Quake, S. R. and A. Scherer, From micro- to nanofabrication with soft materials, Science, 24 NOVEMBER 2000 VOL 290, 1536-1541, 2000.

Giordano, N. and J-T. Cheng, Microfluid mechanics: progress and opportunities, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13 (2001) R271–R295

Squires, T. M. and S. R. Quake, Microfluidics:  Fluid physics at the naoliter scale, REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS, VOLUME 77, JULY 2005

Naoyuki Ochiai, Erika L. Kraft, and John S. Selker, Methods for colloid transport visualization in pore networks, WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 42, W12S06, doi:10.1029/2006WR004961, 2006

Keller, A. A. and M. Auset, A review of visualization techniques of biocolloid transport processes at the pore scale under saturated and unsaturated conditions, Advances in Water Resources 30 (2007) 1392–1407

Abgrall, P. and A-M Gue, Lab-on-chip technologies: making a microfluidic network and coupling it into a complete microsystem—a review, J. Micromech. Microeng. 17 (2007) R15–R49 doi:10.1088/0960-1317/17/5/R01

Jurgen Jahns, Qing Cao, and Stefan Sinzinger, Micro- and nanooptics – an overview, Laser & Photon. Rev., 1–15 (2008) / DOI 10.1002/lpor.200810009

Sang-Hu Park, Dong-Yol Yang, and Kwang-Sup Lee, Two-photon stereolithography for realizing ultraprecise three-dimensional nano/microdevices, Laser & Photon. Rev. 3, No. 1–2, 1–11 (2009) / DOI 10.1002/lpor.200810027


3D  Fabrication Approaches

Hironobu Sato, Hirokazu Matsumura, Satoshi Keino and Shuichi Shoji, An all SU-8 microfluidic chip with built-in 3D fine microstructures, J. Micromech. Microeng. 16 (2006) 2318–2322 doi:10.1088/0960-1317/16/11/010

Ali Hayek, Yongan Xu, Takashi Okada, Stephen Barlow, Xuelian Zhu, Jun Hyuk Moon, Seth R. Marder and Shu Yang, Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)s with controlled molecular weights as low-shrinkage resins for 3D multibeam interference lithography, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 3316–3318


2006 Gaduate Student Workshop:
Summer School in Geophysical Porous Media:  Multidisciplinary SCience from Nano- to Global- Scale, July 17-28, 2006, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA