Funding resources for Physics Graduate Students

Purdue resources

Purdue's Funding Resources Page

http://www.purdue.edu/research/funding-and-grant-writing/funding/overview.php 

Purdue's Funding Financial Information Page

http://www.purdue.edu/gradschool/funding/index.html 

Purdue's Page on Funding Tips

https://www.purdue.edu/gradschool/funding/funding-tips/searching.html 

For physics students in particular, the math and chemistry departments hire outside TAs for their courses. 

Government funding opportunities

NSF

*NSF GRFP *
https://www.nsfgrfp.org/applicants/important_dates
*NSF Information for graduate students seeking funding*
http://www.nsf.gov/funding/education.jsp?fund_type=2

DOE

*DOE Science Graduate Fellowship Program*
http://science.energy.gov/wdts/scgf/ 
*DOE Office of Science Graduate Student Research*
http://science.energy.gov/wdts/scgsr/

DOD

*DoD graduate student fellowship*

http://ndseg.asee.org/

Resources on Science.gov

http://stemgradstudents.science.gov/

Non-government funding opportunities

North Carolina State University's list of graduate fellowships

https://grad.ncsu.edu/students/fellowships-and-grants/national/nationally-competitive-graduate-fellowships/

Pathways to Science

Has some interesting information for those applying or having already entered graduate school

http://www.pathwaystoscience.org/Grad.aspx

Cornell's Database

Cornell has a (Slightly over-complete) Database of funding opportunities:

https://gradschool.cornell.edu/fellowships

The Hertz Foundation

Funding available for some applied research as well.
http://hertzfoundation.org/dx/fellowships/fellowshipaward.aspx

*Note, you may search for women-only and under-represented minority-only fellowships